Municipal solid waste management in Urban India has become one of the foremost concerns during last couple of decades. Rapid urbanization, fast change of human life & livelihood, adoption or westernization of the people’s lifestyle etc. lead to a massive increase in municipal solid waste generation in majority of Indian cities.
As other Indian cities, the city of Rajnandgaon in the state of Chhattisgarh is also experiencing the issues of treatment and disposal of MSW. With the initiative of the Rajnandgaon Nagar Nigam and State Urban Development Authority, Raipur, a project for an effective and integrated solid waste management (ISWM) system under Swachh Bharat Mission has been rolled out for Rajnandgaon.
The success of Swachh Bharat Mission is entirely on Citizen-Led Campaigns and the participation of local people towards bringing awareness. Leading the Initiative group of 255 women from Rajnandgaon City formed a local body known as “Swachhta Sakhi”. Women members of Swachhta Sakhi were part of wards wise SHGs who chose to work for Swachh Bharat Mission. Their activities involved more of Man to Man marking with regular interaction with people towards behaviour change taking up household waste segregation.
Activities by Swachhta Sakhi’s:
- Swachhta Sakhi’s took several ward wise meetings and interaction with NGO’s and Community leaders where they drew their vision to join them in Swachhta Activities.
- They took ward wise Swachhta Workshops on Household Waste Segregation with House Wife’s
- Feedback form distribution and collection on the feedback of Swachhta Suggestions of citizens towards Rajnandgaon City
- Stalls in Markets to spread awareness and Downloads of Swachhta APP
- Supervision of ODF Status of the city by stopping people from open defecation
- Distribution of HANDBILLS on awareness of “Sauchalya Kyon Banvayein”
The program has been able to bring about changes in the following areas:
- Before participation of Swachhta
Sakhi’sit is evident from photos as well that the general environmental sanitation situation was unhealthy. Huge piles of waste, Open Defecation along the path were common sights. The situation has changed for good in an exceptional manner, especially piles of waste are a rare site now.
- Increased knowledge and awareness regarding waste and environment have made the people conscious about their environment, health and sanitation.
- Positive impacts can be observed in the transformation of their traditional habit of accumulating solid waste inside their houses to disposing of it at proper place that too segregating into dry and wet waste. (Blue and green container).